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Safely Using Cranes and Hoists

Safely Using Cranes and HoistsIn 29CFR Part 19126, Subpart N, OSHA provides safety requirements for cranes and hoists. From these requirements, employers are supposed to develop their own safety practices and training for the use of this equipment.

Note that a hoist lifts loads straight up, while a crane can also move them in other directions; this has safety implications.

What exactly each employer will cover may vary according to the facility, the work being done, the type of equipment, and other factors. But here are some things that apply to every situation:

  • Every crane or hoist must be inspected at the recommended interval. Before using a crane or hoist, look at the expiration date on the inspection sticker. If there isn’t a sticker, don’t use the equipment until you’ve verified the inspection records are current.
  • Before operating the crane or hoist, test the brakes, controls, and warning signals.
  • Know the capacity of the crane/hoist, the sling or other conveyance; these must exceed the size of the load.
  • Operate a crane/hoist only if you’re qualified on that equipment.
  • Don’t carry a load over people. Generally, you should barricade the area before moving the load over it.
  • If someone walks under your load, don’t stop. Doing so may cause the load to fall onto that person. The signal person should remove the other person from the area.
  • If a load doesn’t look right, lower it and adjust it for stability.
  • Use warning signals during operation.

Source: Mark Lamendola | Mindconnection